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Development Process

Wind flagged treeLand Acquisition and Leasing

Wind development projects begin with the execution of a wind lease with a landowner. Most landowners choose to be compensated on an initial lease payment and a long term royalty for the power generated and for disturbance to their lands. These negotiations may take weeks or even months to complete.

Berrendo has developed a lease that has been reviewed and negotiated with numerous landowners and their advisors and is similar in many respects to a common oil and gas lease. Our terms and conditions are competitive and offer adequate protections and flexibility to the landowner.

Specific land acquisition and leasing services performed by Berrendo include:

  • Identifying land with excellent wind energy potential
  • Screening projects and evaluating potential projects
  • Contacting landowners and negotiating terms and conditions
  • Providing regular communication with landowners

Energy Assessment

Weather station

Average wind speeds should be demonstrate at least 18 mph at turbine hub height (typically 80-meters above ground) to justify a wind farm in today’s market, and power generation capability increases exponentially with higher wind speeds. Berrendo collects site specific data for each project, using 60-meter (197-foot) high meteorological towers.

Berrendo maintains a data-gathering system allowing real time observation and trouble shooting. Upon collection of sufficient wind data, we can accurately quantify the cost of development and the expected energy to be produced.

Specific energy assessment services performed by Berrendo include:

  • Analyzing wind data and forecasting energy production
  • Modeling project economics
  • Selecting Wind Turbine Equipment
  • Optimizing wind farm performance

Utility Negotiations and Interconnection Process

Identifying available physical transmission capacity and contracting for this capacity is an essential early step in developing a wind farm. Berrendo is currently in negotiations with utilities throughout the Midwest and West. Berrendo has made capital investments to secure its interconnection position in the transmission company queues. Specific utility negotiation services performed by Berrendo include:

  • Matching wind farm size and layout with utility requirements
  • Performing conceptual design of wind farm
  • Exploring various transmission options with utilities
  • Participating in public processes to gain rights-of-way and public acceptance

Energy Marketing and Contracting

Legislated Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) are forcing utilities to increase the amount of renewable energy in their overall energy mix and issue Requests for Proposal (RFP) that include renewable energy. Berrendo makes it part of its business to understand the renewable energy needs of the various utilities and looks at all options for selling a wind farm’s power into the market. Specific energy marketing services performed by Berrendo include:

  • Analyzing wind data and exploring ways to improve load profile and project attractiveness
  • Identifying potential buyers of energy
  • Responding to utility RFPs
  • Negotiating power purchase agreements (PPAs) with buyers
  • Selling Renewable Energy Credits

Interconnection and Transmission Process

Central New Mexico sub-station

Identifying available physical transmission capacity and contracting for this capacity are essential early steps in developing a wind farm. Berrendo negotiates with utilities throughout the Midwest and West, making capital investments to secure interconnection with the appropriate transmission companies. Interconnection queue positions are very important in markets where transmission availability is limited and competitors’ wind projects seek to reach the same buyers.

Specific utility negotiation services performed by Berrendo include:

  • Matching wind farm size and layout with utility requirements
  • Performing conceptual design of the wind farm
  • Exploring various transmission options with utilities
  • Participating in public processes to gain rights-of-way and public acceptance

Permitting

It is critical in the development process to identify the necessary project permits required by Federal, State and local authorities. Wind farms have an effect on local wildlife and residents and these effects must be taken into consideration. Not all projects can be successfully permitted. The design, permitting and construction phase of a wind farm is multifaceted.

Specific permitting services performed by Berrendo include:

  • Identification of county, state and federal requirements
  • Performing wildlife and habitat studies
  • Coordinating zoning and public relations

Design and Construction

The design, permitting and construction phase of a wind farm is multifaceted. We work on several aspects concurrently, including securing wind turbine supply agreements and construction financing, and turbine placement. The wind turbine supply market is dynamic, being influenced by increasing production originating in the United States and by government incentive programs for renewable energy. This requires constant monitoring for optimal turbine selection to achieve the price-performance goals of a project. Turbines make up approximately 80% of the overall cost of a project and may exceed $2 million per megawatt.

Specific design, permitting and construction services performed by Berrendo include:

  • Obtaining permits to meet county, state and federal requirements
  • Assuring compliance with design and material standards
  • Coordinating public relations
  • Procuring turbines and equipment
  • Selecting contractors and vendors
  • Performing construction management

Commercial Operation Date (COD)

This is the date the wind farm begins to generate electricity. Berrendo expects to contract out system operation and maintenance from this point forward.